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美国军队研究超级健壮女性 以望找到女性体能密码

kira86 于2019-08-02发布 l 已有人浏览
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马萨诸塞州陆军环境医学研究所的科学家期望通过研究找到“超级健壮”身体中的体能秘密,看看是什么让她们如此有竞争力。
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彩客网彩票注册US Military Studies Extremely Fit Women

美国军队研究超级健壮女性

Nearly four years ago, the United States military announced it was opening all combat jobs to women. Since then, more than 30 women have passed difficult training programs with the Army Rangers and the Marines.

约四年前,美国军方宣布将向女性开放所有的战斗岗位。自那之后,有30多名女性通过了陆军游骑兵和海军陆战队的各种艰苦训练项目。

Their numbers are small. But their completion of some of the military's most difficult physical and mental courses has raised a scientific question: Who are these "hyperfit" women and what makes them so competitive?

她们的人数很少。 但她们完成了一些军队中最困难的体能和心理课程,这因此引发了一些科学问题:这些“超级健壮”的女性是谁?是什么让她们如此具有竞争力?

Army medical researchers hope to find answers in a study.

陆军医学研究员希望在一项研究中找到答案。

Holly McClung, a scientist at the Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine in Massachusetts, is working on the study。

马萨诸塞州陆军环境医学研究所的科学家霍利·麦克朗正在进行这项研究。

We're really interested in those elite women that are the first to make it through physically demanding training, she said。

她说:“我们对那些率先通过高强度体能训练的精英女性非常感兴趣。”

Julie Hughes also works on the study。 She said, "There's this group of women who made it through the training so we want to 。。。 explore what makes them unique。"

朱莉·休斯也参与了这项研究。她说:“一群女性通过培训成功通过训练考核,所以我们想……探索是什么让她们与众不同。”

彩客网彩票注册The goal, said McClung, is to find the mental and physical factors that help the women succeed。 By finding this information, researchers might be able to help other women compete for the same jobs。

麦克朗说,我们的目标是找到帮助女性成功的心理和生理因素。通过发现这些信息,研究人员也许能够帮助其他女性竞争相同的工作。

The plan for the study is to have the military women come to an Army base in Natick, Massachusetts, in groups of two or three. Having several tested at the same time, McClung said, will make it more interesting and encourage competition.

该研究计划让这些女性二到三人为一组,一起到马萨诸塞州纳蒂克的一个军事基地去。麦克朗说,几组同时进行测试,会让训练更有趣,并且可以鼓励竞争。

彩客网彩票注册They will go through many tests over three days.

他们将在三天内通过许多测试。

彩客网彩票注册In one test, the women will run on treadmills while wearing a mask and breathing device connected to a computer。 The device will measure how much oxygen is being used at a person's peak exercise rate, known as the VO2 Max score。 An average person may have a score of about 30。 Top athletes can score in the 80s。

在其中一项测试中,这些女性将戴着口罩和连接电脑的呼吸装置在跑步机上跑步。该设备将测量一个人在最高运动速度下消耗了多少氧气,即最大摄氧量。一个普通人的得分可能在30分左右。顶尖运动员能获得80多分。

The breathing test, along with others, will be used to determine the women's physical fitness. Written tests and interviews will study their mental toughness.

呼吸测试及其他测试将用来确定女性的身体健康状况。笔试和面试将用来研究她们的心理韧性。

McClung and Hughes also said they hope to be able to compare the women's results with similar testing on men.

麦克朗和休斯还表示,她们希望能够将女性的测试结果与男性的类似测试结果进行比较。

Mark Esper, the Secretary of Defense, said the study will be important to help understand fitness and perhaps reduce injury rates.

美国国防部长马克·埃斯珀表示,这项研究将有助于了解健康状况,或许还能降低受伤率。

My belief is it's grit — grit gets them through this, he said of the women。 "You have to have a certain level of athletic ability, but they take it to an extraordinary level。 These women are tough。"

“我的信念是勇气——勇气让他们度过难关,”他谈到这些女性时说道。“你必须有一定水平的运动能力,但她们可以把它提升到一个非凡的水平。这些女人很强大。”

I'm John Russell.

约翰·罗素为您播报。

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